Kreissynodalvorstand , in charge of the ecclesiastical supervision of the congregations in a deanery, which was chaired by a superintendent, appointed by the provincial church council German: Many pastors protested that and held instead services of penance bearing the violation of the church constitution in mind. It was Dibelius' policy to gain the mainstream of the parishioners.
The Council consisted of the presidents of the member churches, the Praeses of the General Synod, members of each member church appointed by their respective synods, the Chief of the Church Chancery, two representatives of the Reformed parishioners and two general synodals, who were not theologians. One pre tradition of non-ecclesiastical influence within church structures had made it into the new constitution of the Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union of Since the orderly courts often approved litigations against German Christian measurements, because they usually lacked any legal basis, on 26 June the Nazi government passed a law, which would ban all suits about church questions from being decided by orderly jurisdiction. The situation changed decisively with the end of the GDR dictatorship in The synods of 25 other Protestant church bodies decided the same until the end of The many changes in the Church throughout its history are reflected in its several name changes.
Single mit Familiensinn, aber selbst nicht alleinerziehend?
Also the reconciliation of the Lutheran majority of the citizens in the annexed states with their new Prussian citizenship was not to be further complicated by religious quarrels. Eastern region bishops — [ edit ] — The murder of the handicapped and the incurably sick was euphemised as Euthanasia. He released the pastors who had been imprisoned, and allowed the dissenting groups to form religious organisations in freedom.
Grüber organised their hiding in the cottages in the allotment clubs in his parish. Thus synods had to be prepared in secret, therefore they were not referred to by the name of their venue any more, keeping the venue as long as possible in secret. From now on the ministry of church affairs subjected also the other Protestant church bodies, which in amounted after mergers to 23, to state controlled financial committees. So when in the leftist parties successfully launched a plebiscite to the effect of the expropriation of the German former regnal houses without compensation, the Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union called up for an abstention from the election, holding up the commandment Thou shalt not steal.
Until almost all the remaining Jewish Germans and Gentile Germans of Jewish descent have been deported to the concentration camps. Thou shalt not kill , is no commandment of God but a Jewish invention and cannot claim any validity any more. Thus an ever-growing number of parishioners was expelled. Only such synodals were admitted, who would uncompromisingly stand up any time for the National Socialist state German: The executive was meant to only represent the Reich's Brethren Council to the outside. In June , Frederick William ordered that all Protestant congregations and clergy in Prussia give up the names Lutheran or Reformed and take up the name Evangelical.
The Nazi Reich's government now intended to drain this financial influx by a new decree with the euphemising title Law on the Wealth Formation within the Evangelical Church Bodies 11 March On 7 November Frederick William expressed his desire to see the Protestant congregations around Prussia follow this example, and become Union congregations. In the EOK was renamed into church chancery Kirchenkanzlei , followed by renaming the church body into Evangelical Church of Union in December From on the Hohenzollern provincial deanery fell under the provisional supervision by the Evangelical State Church in Württemberg. The due was also used to finance the different recognised associations organising emigration. Nevertheless, the Confessing Church refused to accept the new examination office of the state ecclesiastical committee.
Sie sind alleinerziehend? Alleinerziehende sind hier willkommen!
Confessing congregants elected synodals for a Confessing provincial synod as well as Confessing State synod German: In the period of the committee policy, unapproved collections were tolerated but now Confessing pastors were systematically imprisoned, who were denounced for having collected money. On 19 December Kerrl issued a decree which forbade all kinds of Confessing Church activities, namely appointments of pastors, education, examinations, ordinations, ecclesiastical visitations, announcements and declarations from the pulpit, separate financial structures and convening Synods of Confession; further the decree established provincial ecclesiastical committees. Rat der Bekennenden Kirche of the respective ecclesiastical province or the council of the Confessing Church of the old-Prussian Union , the respective administrative bodies. Between end of and March the central office of the Preliminary Church Executive was located in the Burckhardt-Haus of the school for social workers German: On 29 May those coming from congregations within the Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union held a separate meeting, their later on so-called first old-Prussian Synod of Confession German:
Albertz urged the brethren council to discuss the terrible situation of Jewish Germans and Gentile Germans of Jewish descent, as it turned by the Nuremberg Laws and all the other anti-Semitic discriminations. The Confessing congregations of each deanery formed a Confessing deanery synod German: The synodals elected by all confessing congregations and the congregations of the intact churches decided to found an independent German Evangelical Church. This body was recognised by the brethren councils of the destroyed churches of the old-Prussian Union, of Bremen , of Nassau-Hesse and of Oldenburg as well as by a covenant of pastors from Württemberg the so-called Württembergische Sozietät. The territory comprising the Ecclesiastical Province of Posen was now largely Polish, and except of small fringes that of West Prussia had been either seized by Poland or Danzig. However, the state brethren councils of the destroyed churches met occasionally in conferences.
The massive devastations of inhabited areas of course also included church buildings and other church-owned real estate. But also Calvinist, Evangelical and Lutheran expatriates from Germany and Switzerland, living in the Holy Land, joined the German-speaking congregations. Müller already now regarded himself as leader of that new organisation. The synodals further adopted a declaration about the Nazi racist doctrine. The Calvinist Reformed and Lutheran Protestant churches had existed in parallel after Prince-Elector John Sigismund declared his conversion from Lutheranism to Calvinism in , with most of his subjects remaining Lutheran. Albertz and Niemöller argued to discuss the memorandum, a majority of synodals refused and the memorandum was then laid ad acta.
On 9 August the Second National Synod , with all synodals again admitted by the Spiritual Ministerium , severed the uniformation of the formerly independent Protestant church bodies, disenfranchising their respective synods to decide in internal church matters. But before he left the Gestapo arrested Grüber on 19 December and deported him two days later to Sachsenhausen concentration camp , and in to Dachau concentration camp. Herbert Goltzen, Eugen Weschke, and Günter Jacob, three pastors from Lower Lusatia , regarded the introduction of the Aryan paragraph as the violation of the confession. One pre tradition of non-ecclesiastical influence within church structures had made it into the new constitution of the Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union of
This became a curse and a blessing during the Nazi period. Evangelischer Oberkirchenrat , EOK,  est. Wurm was elected speaker of the Confessing Church.
The general synod German: They were united with those congregations of the western most area of West Prussia, which remained with Germany, to form the new Posen-West Prussian ecclesiastical province. Rather than having the unifying effect that Frederick William desired, the decree created a great deal of dissent amongst Lutheran congregations. On 24 September , a new law empowered Kerrl to legislate by way of ordinances within the Protestant church bodies, circumventing any synodal autonomy. Grabau Wilhelm Sihler F.
The three ecclesiastical provinces of Danzig, East Prussia, and Posen-West Prussia, all completely located in today's Poland, today's Russian Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania Minor , were in the process of complete vanishing after the flight of many parishioners and pastors by the end of the war and the post-war Expulsion of Germans carried out by the Polish and Soviet governments in the years of — By autumn a new degree of persecution loomed. The parishioners of a congregation elected a presbytery and a congregants' representation German: The Evangelical Church in the Rhineland and that of Westphalia are churches united in administration according to the self-conception. The first Preliminary Church Executive resigned, since its members, representing intact churches , wanted to co-operate with the committees, while its members from destroyed churches , especially the Dahlemites did not. Government Councillor, a certain function in the administration.
Otto Dibelius , since general superintendent of Kurmark within the Ecclesiastical Province of the March of Brandenburg , published his book Das Jahrhundert der Kirche The century of the Church  , in which he declared the 20th century to be the era when the Evangelical Church may for the first time develop freely and gain the independence God would have wished for, without the burden and constraints of the state church function. Any attempt to impose a union upon all Protestant church bodies was given up. Western region — [ edit ] —