Within the Prussian Province of Westphalia , Dortmund was a district seat within Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg until , when it became an urban district within the region. Retrieved 24 April As of [update] the largest Christian denominations were Protestantism
As a profoundly international city, Dortmund hosts diplomatic missions consulates and consulates-general of Italy ,  Greece ,  Bangladesh ,  Ghana ,  South Africa ,  the Czech Republic ,  and Slovenia. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities. This developed into the youngest population of Dortmund is living and created a district with art house cinemas to ethnic stores, from exotic restaurants to student pubs. Today, Kreuzviertel forms a nearly homogeneous historic building area. During the month before Christmas , the extended pedestrian-only zone is host to Dortmund Christmas Market , one of the largest and oldest Christmas markets in Germany.
Sebastian 23 - Hinfallen ist wie Anlehnen, nur später
Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Autobahnsystem. During the 19th century the area around Dortmund called Ruhr attracted up to , ethnic Poles , Masurians and Silesians from East Prussia and Silesia in a migration known as Ostflucht flight from the east. The German Football Museum German: Since 9 May , the fences disappeared and the Phoenix See has been completed. The market is famous for its handmade ornaments and delicacies. Sprawling residential areas like the North, East, Union and Kreuz district sprang up in less than 10 years.
Peter church in Syburg suburb. Archived from the original on 9 April During the industrialisation of Prussia, Dortmund became a major centre for coal and steel. The finished sole is primarily fed by groundwater and unpolluted rainwater from the new building sites. He has had to work with changing majorities in the local council.
The collection includes paintings , sculptures , objects and photographs from the 20th century, plus over 2, graphics , spanning Expressionism through classic modern art to the present day. Additional offices in the city centre are used for administrative purposes. It has about 30, students and a wide range of subjects in of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry , spatial planning and economics.
Bundesliga seasons followed from to , the final one in a combined team with the Bochum Cadets as the Dortmund B1 Giants. The Westenhellweg has one of the highest rents for retail and office space in North Rhine-Westphalia. Reinold's Church]] first mentioned. Night buses replace U-Bahn and tram services between 1:
It has about 30, students and a wide range of subjects in of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry , spatial planning and economics. Under Nazi Germany , the Old Synagogue opened in was destroyed in With the growing influence of Cologne during the 15th century, the seat was moved to Arnsberg in
In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow. As a result of the city's post-industrial decline, the population fell to just under , in The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Dortmund in April Dortmund's city centre offers a picture full of contrasts. It became an Imperial Free City and one of the first cities in Europe with an official Brewing right in Dortmund's Westfalenpark is also a popular location for events in the Ruhr area- with parties, festivals, events, theatre, music, and flea and garden markets.
The Botanischer Garten Rombergpark , or informally Rombergpark, is an extensive municipal arboretum and botanical garden located in the south of the city center of Dortmund. In it was acquired by the city and under city planning director Richard Nose enhanced by a small herb garden. The Museum am Ostwall known as Museum am Ostwall until is a museum of modern and contemporary art.
- Dortmund Harbour Hafen is the largest canal harbour in Europe and the 11th fluvial harbour in Germany. The city then became one of Germany's most important coal, steel and beer centres. This stands in a stark contrast with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling in the past. The H-Bahn at Dortmund University of Technology is a hanging monorail built specifically to shuttle passengers between the university's two campuses,  which are now also flanked by research laboratories and other high-tech corporations and startups. Chief cities shown in smallcaps.
- The central train station Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany. Since the end of the war, the SPD has held a relative majority in the town council - except from to Not taking the fluctuation of war years into account, the population figures rose constantly to , in
The Westenhellweg has one of the highest rents for retail and office space in North Rhine-Westphalia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Night buses replace U-Bahn and tram services between 1:
With more than 3. The West park is the green lung of the Kreuzviertel and in the months between May and October a centre of the student urban life. The Emscher is a small river and has its wellspring in Holzwickede , east of the city of Dortmund, and flows west through Dortmund. Wuppertal , Düsseldorf , Cologne. The central junction for the night bus service is Reinoldikirche in the city centre, where all night bus lines start and end.
Since the end of the war, the SPD has held a relative majority in the town council - except from to The RN has a circulation of over , copies daily. As the largest homogeneous old building area in Ruhr the Nordstadt is a melting pot of different people of different countries and habits just a few steps from the city center. Retrieved 3 November As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys. Dortmund Airport — Main Terminal T2.